aap rmWhat a difference a year makes. AAP recs for pediatric bronchiolitis grow increasingly complex, and knock most common treatment options off the list.

W1-RMHow to narrow down the diagnosis of pediatric leg pain when infections, inflammations, neoplasms and orthopedic conditions all remain on the differential

It’s that time of ypeds-90ear again. Every shift, every day, it’s fever, cough, congestion. The hospital infectious disease report confirms that you are in the middle of an influenza epidemic. Tonight has been no different.

It’s about midnight in the Pediatric ED and you enter room 6 to see two exhausted and disheveled parents with a very cranky 14-month old daughter. She has had a cough, congestion, runny nose and low-grade fever for several days and tonight woke up crying and wouldn’t settle down.

altIt’s night shift and the patient flow has been steady. You sneak off to the lounge to grab a quick bite to eat and when you come back, you have not one, but two 6-week-olds with a chief complaint of fever. No problem, right? Aren’t there protocols for that? Well, yes and no.

alt‘‘We need you in room 4 right now!” You had been in the back room, enjoying a sandwich during a break in a relatively quiet shift. With those words, that quiet (and your sandwich) are over. You sprint down the hall to see what’s going on.

altFever in the newborn is easy in one respect. You don’t have to think, just do. If the baby has a fever in the first four weeks of life, emergency physicians will obtain cultures, start antibiotics and admit. The lumbar puncture is a standard part of the “sepsis work-up” for neonates.

It has been a steady day in the pediatric ED. The volume is beginning to pick up a little. The resident has just presented the sickest kid of the day to you. He’s a four-year-old with fever, headache, vomiting and neck pain. He has nuchal rigidity. He has no rash or focal neurologic signs.

altYour next patient has had abdominal pain for a week. The patient’s parents think it could be related to a recent incident at summer camp. Could they be correct or are they serving up a red herring?

While acute abdominal pain is a common presenting complaint in emergency departments, the diagnosis of acute appendicitis can be extremely difficult in young children, who may not have the classic findings that are typically seen in older patients.

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