You are working one evening when EMS brings in a 52-year-old gentleman who achieved return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in the field following cardiac arrest. He was walking on his treadmill when he clutched his left shoulder suddenly.

Calcium is a basic element necessary for normal human body functions and is found in all tissues. Calcium gluconate and calcium chloride salt solutions are perhaps most familiar to EPs for the treatment of life-threatening emergencies involving hyperkalemia1.

rick-bukataThe size of the bills people receive for emergency care can seem somewhat remote to most of us. It’s easy to resign ourselves to saying, “the patient’s insurance will pay for it,” or “the government will pay for it.” But it is truly hard to witness some of the more egregious cases of price gouging in emergency care and remain detached.

It’s been another busy shift in the ED. You finish discharging one patient as you are pulling up the x-rays of a 24 year old who rolled his ankle while playing basketball. You don’t see a fracture and so you go into the room to tell him the good news that it is only a sprain. As you finish demonstrating some exercises that he can do to rehabilitate his ankle, he says, “Hey doc, what you gonna give me for this?”

Studies show that EMS delivers a significant percentage of patients who will go on to be admitted. Armed with these numbers, we must rethink diversion, considering its true cost to the hospital.

Q: Does early antibiotic use reduce wound infections in open fractures? read more

Q: Do glucocorticoids prevent return visits, admissions, or need for additional treatment? read more

The Changing Landscape: ED visits have increased by about 3% per year over 12 years from 369 visits to 451 per 1000 population. The ED population is aging in line with the demographics of the country, and EDs need to prepare to meet the needs of seniors.

Parents bring in their daughter because they pulled on her arm, and now she is not using it. They are thoroughly convinced that the child’s arm is either broken or dislocated. We all recognize this as radial head subluxation or “nursemaid’s elbow” and immediately attempt to reduce it. The provider takes the injured arm, supinates at the wrist and flexes at the elbow. Does the child scream?

Don’t look back. I’m proud to say that each generation of EM residents moves to a higher plane of learning than past generations. The depth and breadth of learning in emergency medicine parallels the lightning-fast growth of knowledge that characterizes modern medicine. Keep it up!

In a recent review of the national Get with the Guidelines (GWTG)-Stroke regristry in which 58,353 tPA treated patients were analyzed, every 15-minute faster interval to treatment was associated with fewer symptomatic intracerebal hemmorhages, reduced in-hospital mortality, more patients with independent abulation at discharge, and more patients discharged to home.12

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