Each year, approximately 300,000 people suffer out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in the United States.1 About one-third of these will have return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), either en route to the hospital or in the emergency department (ED). Unfortunately, more than two-thirds of those with ROSC will not leave the hospital alive.
Droperidol has been used successfully in the emergency department (ED) and operating room (OR) for over 40 years. It has been employed with success for the treatment of headache, nausea, agitation, pain in opiate-tolerance and even the dreaded multidrug-resistant abdominal pain (MDRAP).1,2 Unfortunately, in 2001 the FDA issued a black box warning indicating there was a significant risk of cardiac arrhythmias with droperidol.
In an attempt to mitigate the high costs of medical malpractice insurance, decrease the number of multimillion dollar jury verdicts, and encourage physicians to provide medical care, some states have enacted laws to limit the liability of medical providers in medical malpractice cases. Capping noneconomic damages in medical malpractice cases is but one of the better-known methods that many states have utilized, but there are many others.
In November the American Heart Association released its shiny new guidelines for the management of cholesterol, and in the process set off a firestorm. Talk shows talked, pundits opined, and cardiologists postured. But in the center of it all there is an evidence base that offers a clear-eyed view. Do statins for healthy people save lives?
In February of 2013, the American College of Emergency Physicians published a Clinical Policy statement regarding the use of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA, Alteplase®, Genentech) for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke.
Emergency physicians in our group ask that question daily with a combination of hope and fear. We’re not referring to one of our on-call psychiatric colleagues, rather to which one of us has the responsibility to spend roughly two hours or more during and after our shifts caring for the 10 to 20 behavioral health holding patients in one of our EDs. It’s not uncommon for the “Psych Doc” to average 10 interruptions per hour regarding Psych ED patients.
Emergency Physicians Monthly has teamed up with the board prep pros at Rosh Review to bring you a mini board review, so that you can test yourself on a regular basis and track your progress. The following is the test – and answers – from the February edition of Emergency Physicians Monthly. Questions about the test? Talk back on Twitter @epmonthly.
The following is an example of a typical cockpit to tower communication during landing. Pilot: “Cincinnati Tower, we’re six miles southeast and control VFR.” Tower: “Runway 18, wind 230 degrees, five knots, altimeter 30.” Pilot: “Roger, Runway 18.” Tower: “Have you in sight, cleared to land.” In safety critical industries such as commercial air travel, processes have been put into place to limit interruptions during certain tasks. The “sterile cockpit rule” limits non-essential communication and activities during taxi, takeoff, landing, and flying below 10,000 feet.
The newest release from the Oregon Health Insurance Experiment seems to portend doom for both emergency medicine and the Affordable Care Act.1 Even the New York Times’ headline is scary: “Emergency Visits Seen Increasing With Health Law.”2 Fortunately, things simply are not that bad.
Not too long ago, severe hypoxia in the ED was treated with a 15 lpm non-re-breather, bag mask ventilation, and preparing for intubation. CPAP systems have changed the rules and we often now use CPAP to avert intubation or to maximize pre-oxygenation prior to airway management. CPAP prior to intubation (with the use of pharmacologic assistance for sedation) was termed Delayed Sequence Intubation (DSI) several years ago by Dr. Scott Weingart.